Cancer Information

What Is Cancer?

Cancer occurs when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. They continue to grow and crowd out normal cells. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all have in common this out-of-control growth of cells.Different kinds of cancer can behave very differently. For example, lung cancer and breast cancer are very different diseases. They grow at different rates and respond to different treatments. That’s why people with cancer need treatment that is aimed at their kind of cancer.

Sometimes cancer cells break away from a tumor and spread to other parts of the body through the blood or lymph system. They can settle in new places and form new tumors. When this happens, it is called metastasis  Cancer that has spread in this way is called metastatic cancer.Even when cancer has spread to a new place in the body, it is still named after the part of the body where it started. For example, if prostate cancer spreads to the bones, it is still called prostate cancer. If breast cancer spreads to the lungs, it is still breast cancer. When cancer comes back in a person who appeared to be free of the disease after treatment, it is called a recurrence.

Types of Cancer

Sometimes, however, cells become abnormal and keep dividing to form more cells without control or order, creating a mass of excess tissue called a tumor. Tumors can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (not cancerous).The cells in malignant tumors can invade and damage nearby tissue and organs. Cancer cells can also break away from a malignant tumor and travel through the bloodstream or lymphatic system to form new tumors in other parts of the body.

Types The main types of cancer are sarcoma, carcinoma, lymphoma and myeloma, leukemia, central nervous system cancers.

  • Sarcoma begins in muscle blood, vessels, cartilage, fat, bone, or any other connective or supportive tissue.
  • Carcinoma begins in skin or tissues which cover internal organs.
  • Lymphoma and myeloma begins in immune system cells.
  • Leukemia starts in blood forming tissue as bone marrow, producing numerous abnormal blood cells and then they enter to blood.
  • Central nervous system cancer begins into spinal cords and brain origin.

Common Cancers

  • Bone Cancer
  • Brain Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Endocrine Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Cancer
  • Gynecologic Cancer
  • Head & Neck Cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Lung Cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Skin Cancer
  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Alphabetical List of Cancers

A Adrenal Cortical Cancer
Advanced cancer
Anal cancer
B Bladder Cancer
Bone Cancer
Bone Metastasis
Breast Cancer
C Cancer of unknown primary
Castleman disease
Cervical cancer
Childhood Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Colon and Rectum Cancer
E Endometrial Cancer
Esophagus Cancer
Ewing Family of tumors
Eye Cancer
G Gall Bladder Cancer
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid tumors
Gatrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GIST)
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
H HIV infection and AIDS
Hodgkin Disease
K Kaposi Sarcoma
Kidney Cancer
L Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal cancer
Leukemia – Acute Lymphocytic (ALL)
Leukemia – Acute Myeloid (AML)
Leukemia – Children’s
Leukemia – Chronic Lymphocytic (CLL)
Leukemia – Chronic Myeloid (CML)
Leukemia – Acute Myelomonocytic (CMML)
Liver Cancer
Lung Cancer – Non Small Cell
Lung cancer – Small Cell
Lung Carcinoid Tumour
Lymphoma — Non Hodgkin’s type
Lymphoma Skin
M Malignant Mesothelioma
Multiple Myeloma
Myelodisplastic Syndrome
N Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Cancer
Nasopharyngeal Cancer
O Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer
Ovarian cancer
P Pancreatic Cancer
Penile Cancer
Pitutary Tumor
Prostate Cancer
R Retinoblastoma
S Salivary Gland Cancer
Sarcoma – Adult Soft Tissue Cancer
Skin cancer – Basal and Squamous Cell
Skin Cancer – Melanoma
Small Intestine Cancer
Stomach cancer
T Testicular Cancer
Thymus Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
U Uterine Sarcoma
V Vaginal Cancer
Vulvar Cancer
W Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Wilm’s Tumor
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